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작성자 ksceit 댓글 0건 조회 249회 작성일 17-03-21 00:00

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The Development of the Bible program for Toddlers: Using the Five Senses

성경에 기초한 영아 오감 프로그램 개발



이 지 영 (Tarlac State University 박사과정) zion4570@gmail.com

김 성 원 (총신대학교 조교수)sungwon1331@gmail.com


      The objective of this study is to develop Bible activities, which use the five senses, for toddlers in Sunday school. The study was based on literature analysis regarding toddler development and Christian education for young children, field observations, and interviews with ministers and teachers of an infant and toddler department. Furthermore, the program also centered on a survey regarding the perception of, and need for faith development using Bible activities for toddlers that engage the five senses. To carry out the preliminary research, one toddler department of D church in Seoul was selected. Then, through the verification of content validity, the study designed the program's purpose and goal, content, learning methods, and evaluation process. Later, the study developed a final program through the review, modification, and compilation of the contents, and field suitability gained from the preliminary research. The purpose of the program was to understand God correctly and to build positive images of God, parents and church. This led to the categories consisting of God, Jesus, me, family, and church. The program teachings and learning processes were then configured into five steps: listening to Bible stories, showing materials, exploring materials, working on a sensorial projects, and closing (appreciation of toddler's achievement, recalling bible story, and internalization). The assessments used were program evaluation and director-teacher evaluation.


Key words: toddler, five senses, program development, Bible activities, Sunday school.



A Narrative Inquiry on the lived experience of Korean Christian Emerging Adults

한국 기독교인 ‘신생 성인  ’의 삶에 관한 내러티브 탐구



박 향 숙 (서울신학대학교 강사) phs4u@hanmail.net

  

     The purpose of this research is to inquiry of narrative about the lived experience of Korean 'Emerging Adulthood'. A research question is "What does Korean christian emerging adult have been experienced?" 'Narrative Inquiry' is the research method. Research participants are five university students in the early twentieth, and the most conservative and committed christians among the emerging adults. They have told and retold their lived experiences and have composed their narratives with the researcher. All this processes is a kind of joint research. The results of research are three narratives like these. First narrative is 'a dilemma between a difficult and hard 'reality' and 'the God's Will': make a solution through reproaching themselves'. Second narrative is 'Adult dwelling and growing in a church: criticizes christian 'adult'. Third narrative is 'pressure to be mature christian adult: hide their insufficience and immaturity.' Through the process of narrative inquiry, this paper has discussed these three. First, contemporary family and church lost it's role of christian education community. Second, narrative inquiry should be the alternative of research method and curriculum in christian education for emerging adulthood. Third, beyond receiving and accepting of christian meta narrative only, questions to invite to interpret oneself and oneself's context have to be created and asked.


Key words: emerging adulthood, young adulthood, qualitative research, narrative inquiry, Christian education, adult education, faith.



Changes in Perception of Preliminary Religious Teacher and 

Suggestions to Teacher Preparation Program from Student Teaching Experience 

교생실습경험을 통한 예비종교교사의 인식변화 및 교직수업에 대한 제안



송 수 지 (명지전문대학 조교수) animaux@naver.com


     The purpose of this study is to analyze how teaching practice changes the perception of preliminary religious teachers and to navigate their needs, and proposal so as to ensure and stimulate systematic operation of teacher preparation program. This study has been carried out by the qualitative method thorough interviews with 16 preliminary religious teachers who had just finished teaching practice.First, the research shows that preliminary religious teachers positively evaluated their teaching experience and proved development and change of their perception in teaching. They gained confidence from practical experience. Also they found and learned their strength and weakness as a preliminary teacher.  Further we observed progress as preliminary religious showing vision in mission school. Second, while having teaching experience in the field, preliminary teachers suggested teaching classes which connecting theory to practice, with reflective practice, supporting class performance and, enhancing understanding of students. Based on the results, this study proposed teaching method to foster preliminary religious teacher and provided implications for future practice as well as directions on further research.


Key words: Changes in perception of preliminary religious teacher, suggestions to teacher preparation program, student teaching experience, teaching class, teacher preparation program.



Revitalization Strategies of Campus Mission for Youth: Based on the Campus Ministry of the Church 

& the Youth Mission Organization in Korea

청소년을 위한 학원선교 활성화 방안 연구: 교회와 청소년 선교단체의 학원선교를 중심으로



오 은 국 (고양YFC 대표)animaux@naver.com


     The purpose of this study is to analyze the actual status of churches and youth mission organizations involved in missionary programs on school campuses (“school mission programs”) following the implementation of the Student Human Rights Ordinance. The goal is to present effective ways of implementing school mission programs. Despite the significant effort of the churches and youth mission organizations, however, there appears to be substantial hindrance to their operations. There are three reasons for this. First, the school mission programs have ran into a new phase following the implementation of the Student Human Rights Ordinance. Second, financial support and interest in school missions programs have waned. Third, the churches and youth mission organizations are not fully aware of the cultural and societal trends and phenomena facing the youth in modern society. In order to fully address such problems, this study analyzed the current literature and the national statistical data. The research is also based on surveys of churches and youth mission organizations pooled from both the Korea Federation of Christian Schools and non-Christian schools. Based on the results obtained through the research and analysis, practical improvement plans for the school mission programs are suggested. Based on theoretical and statistical analysis, it appears that for “problematic” students in question there is a history of “problematic” family relationship, and most such families involve separations of some sort. The parents’ divorce or separation calls for dissolution of the family, and within that family, the youth often appears to stop studying for work and be easily lured to criminal activities. For young people today, the school is no longer a pleasant space for meeting new friends and enjoying their teenage years. The school has become a place where students prepare for college and build their resumes. Ultimately to get a good job in the future. In the not-too-distant future, more young people are expected to drop out of school. However, the school is still an important field to carry out school campus programs. This is because teenage years are when people are most likely to choose faith and Protestantism for the first time. Recognizing the importance of school mission programs, the church and youth mission organizations have been active in the school scenes of both Christian and non-Christian schools. The major achievements of the school mission programs are as follows. First, despite the diminished sponsorship of school missions programs, such as the contraction and loss of religious education in the public education system, and the Church’s reduction of budget and interest in school missions programs, there has been opportunities for Christian character education in the junior to senior high schools. Second, indirect missions have been conducted through the compulsory-elective classes only  for the first grade of middle school students from 2016. Third, there has been positive activities to relieve the situations concerning youths with problematic background. Churches and youth mission organizations have engaged in mission projects not only in school but also outside the school for youth ministries. The following recommendations are suggested to further the school mission programs for the youth. First, Korean churches and youth mission organizations should establish accurate databases concerning youth. Second, the training of missionaries specializing in youths is necessary. Third, a considered response to the government's education policy is needed. Fourth, it is urgently needed to develop educational mission contents that can change the perception of churches and Christian teachers for the sake of spirituality formation of Christian Youth. This study has begun to explore what is the most effective method for school-based mission programs for adolescents. There is no doubt that school mission program is effective in pedagogically evangelizing young people in modern society.


Key words: youth, campus ministry, student human rights ordinance, free semester program, creative experience activity.



A Study on the Methods of Bible Teaching as College Liberal Education: A Study which focuses 

on the Example of the Understanding of Bible in the Anyang University

대학 교양교육으로서 성서교육의 방법에 관한 연구: 안양대학교『성서의 이해』사례를 중심으로 한 연구

                  


   윤 덕 규 (안양대학교 조교수) youthi7@anyang.ac.kr


     This research paper dealt with the methods of the Bible teaching in the college liberal education. That is to say, it made a research on how a lecturer teaches college students the Bible as a course of liberal arts. Taking an empirical-descriptive method as a research one, it explored the setting up of the objectives of the Bible course and the diagnosis of the situations of learners in the beginning. It investigated the contents of the methods of the Bible teaching as liberal arts in the Anyang University for the past five years. Based upon the descriptions and the evaluations by students, the research paper analyzed the methods of the author’s Bible teaching and developed the discussion of them. The research paper emphasized that a variety of teaching methods in the Bible education should be used. The teaching methods such as the use of multi-media and the group presentation to give motivation and fun are preferred by the students, and the lecturer should make efforts to develop the teaching methods to give learning motivation for voluntary participation. It also stressed the importance of lecturer’s ethos in the teaching of the Bible because he/she represents God through his/her words, character, and attitude.    

 

Key words: the Bible teaching, the methods of education, college liberal arts, ethos, and learning motivation. 



Types of Experiences and Characteristics of Seminary Students in Korean Seminary

한국 신학대학원생의 학습경험 유형과 특징



윤 해 영 (백석대학교) injwithj@naver.com


     A seminary is an educational institution for cultivating pastors, and its purpose of education is ‘to cultivate church leaders, preachers and pastors.’ Since a pastor is both a christian and leader who teaches and nurtures Christ believers in a particular site, the education he/she takes from his/her seminary is quite important.

This study focused on how students with experience in the Master of Divinity (M. Div.) at the Korean seminary, give meaning to their experiences.  Particularly, this study categorized and analyzed the experiences at the Korean seminary by applying the Q-methodology, and further discussed their characteristics. 

Experiences at the Korean seminary were appeared 4 types: Confidence in God-centered Calling, Insufficient Learning Experience, Perceptional Change, and Self-Discovery. The characteristic aspects of the experiences at the Korean seminary show that the importance of Biblical authority was emphasized, that there was aspiration for Biblical interpretation and the preaching of the gospel, and that the sense of denominational identity was strengthened. 

Futhermore, the study found some meaningful points. First, the experiences at the Korean seminary, made students be sensitive to social issues. Second, thanks to the experiences, students had the chance to improve their inner consciousness as well as everyday life. Third, the experiences helpes students to develop reflection on living as a Christian. This study pays attention to the theme of seminary education and seminary students as learners, the subjects little discussed in previous studies on Christian education.


Key words: seminary, seminary student, learning experience, q-methodology. 



A Partnership Between A Small Church And A Big Household: Household(as a small church) 

Educational Ministry Curriculum 

작은 교회와 큰 가정의 파트너쉽: 가정, 작은 교회로서의 교육목회 커리큘럼



이 순 옥 (총신대학교 외래교수) slee194@hanmail.net


     The purpose of this study is to explore to connect between Catholic church or church school and a small church which is a household church to educate in Christian faith for next growing generation. Through searching Bible in the Old Testament, Shema, New Testaments, Reformation period John Calvin, Luther we  realize that it is basically parents' mission to raise children in Christian faith. As time passes raising children in Christian faith moves to church school through Sunday school movement. And household education was seriously retreated. However, one of the primary roles for church school is to educate parents in family based ministry. And one of the important roles for parents is to nurture their children in Christian faith. The mission of church school is to educate  parents in detailed curriculum. Household church is a life community, a mission community, an education community, a love community, and a culture community. Therefore, a household church is a very suitable place to nurture children in Christian faith. It is proper to apply Maria Harris' 5 educational ministry curriculum  which are Koinonia, Leiturgia, Didache, Kerygma, Diakonia to a household church. In a practical way a researcher try to introduce possible programs at home.   

 

Key words: small church, big household, next generation, parents education, Christian faith, mission, curriculum, church school, church, community.



Educational Ministry through Joint Programs among Small Churches

교육목회를 위한 작은 교회들의 연합활동 사례연구



이 영 운 (횃불트리니티신학대학원대학교 교수) yw.lee@ttgu.ac.kr


     This study examines how small churches can survive, and grow strong and healthy through research based on previous academic study and introducing some successful examples of small churches joint programs and activities. It also provides some suggestions for small churches to apply to their ministries. For the research based on the previous study, the researcher explores (1) meaning and value of small church, (2) current situation of small churches, (3) biblical understanding, (4) definitions and standards, (5) types of small churches, (6) value and characteristics of small churches, (7) strengths and weaknesses of small churches, (8) task of small churches, (9) problems and difficulties of small churches, and (10) ministry plans for small churches' growth. The researcher considers that the definitions of small church need to be considered not only the numbers of attendants of Sunday service but also the vision of the small church pastors.

What follows is the author's personal experiences of educational ministries with various small churches in Chicago, Los Angeles, San Jose in the USA, and Seoul, Choonchun, and Pusan in Korea. Which then provide some visions and challenges for small church, i.e. what is the better way and desirable way/methods of educational ministry for small churches to stand, survive, or grow. Researcher introduces Schaller in order to understand the characteristics of seven different types of church by Sunday service attendants, then introduces Avery Dulles for six models of churches such as Institution, Mystical Community, Sacrament, Herald, Servant, and School of Discipleship. With the slogan, "United we stand, Divided we fall," the researcher details several of his experiences with joint ministries amongst small churches in Chicago, Los Angeles, San Jose, Seoul, Choonchun, and Pusan such as ROM (Reach Out Ministry), LIT (Leaders in Training), SALT (Students Action Leadership Team) in Los Angeles Area.


Key words: small church, types of church, joint ministry, youth rally, teacher training, educational ministry



A Study on Reality and Practical Proposal of the Korean Christian School: 

Sangdong Church & Samil School

한국 기독교적 학교교육의 현실과 방안: 상동교회와 삼일학원을 중심으로



임 영 택 (협성대학교 교수) ytlim@uhs.ac.kr


     The purpose of this article is to explore the joint efforts in the context of church education and school education. This paper attempts to analyze the reality of Christian schools and propose a practical methods for spiritual educational practice. Currently, religious Christian education curriculum has been reorganized into ‘religious studies’ courses by the educational policy of government. There is a great limitation to the activities of Christian education and a crisis of establishment philosophy in the Korean Christian school. Five main points are outlined when developing the spiritual educational practice for the new paradigm of Christian school. First, the awareness of change from mission school paradigm to Christian school paradigm. Second, creating a hospitable atmosphere in the Christian school in order to train the democratic citizens with Christian values and world view. Third, Christian moral education and creative curriculum provide spiritual training, which leads to significant experience in Christian value system. Fourth, the efforts to recover a teacher’s identity and their purpose. Fifth, methods of criticism of the school system used by the chaplain office to restore spiritual community. Christian schools aim to provide religious curriculum and educational activities where Christian values are experienced in order to cultivate Christian democratic citizens.


Key words: Christian school, spirituality of education, Samil school, religious education curriculum, Christian value.



Development of Christian-based Early Childhood Geometry Education Program 

for Children's Mathematical Disposition

유아의 수학적 성향을 위한 기독교적 유아기하교육 프로그램 개발



정 경 미 (장안대학교 겸임교수) 11jkm@hanmail.net

김 미 경 (총신대학교 교수) kinder999@hanmail.net


     The purpose of this study was to compose a Christian-based early childhood geometry education program. This Christian-based early childhood geometry education program was designed: A naturalistic model for curriculum development. The objectives of this program were defined as teaching children of their position and role in the Whole Creation and increasing their interest in the creation world that was formed by geometry. The goals of this program consisted of increasing children’s interest in the origin of geometry and the history of its discovery, enabling them to apprehend geometry concepts based on space and figure activities, and developing their mathematical disposition based on geometry concepts. The educational content of this program consisted of the creativity and discovery of geometry, location and visualization as space elements, shapes and transformation as figure elements, and the utilization and direction of geometry knowledge and skills. The teaching–learning method of the program was organized by integrating a Christian instructional model and the teaching–learning method of the early childhood geometry education program. The basic principles of the teaching–learning method of the program were the process, strategies, and materials of teaching–learning. The basic principles of teaching–learning were interaction, context, community, individual differences, emphasis, exploration, and integration. The process of teaching–learning involved getting the children’s attention, obtaining knowledge, and movement. Storytelling, cooperative learning, reconstruction, and emotional evaluation regarding activities were used as teaching strategies. The creation story, photos, pictures, models, and data produced by infants were used as teaching materials. The program evaluation methods were chosen as formal and informal methods. The study identified the environment surrounding infants as a geometric creation of the universe and provided a Christian perspective on infant mathematics disposition and infant geometric education. Therefore, the study identified the environment surrounding infants as a geometric creation of the universe and provided a Christian perspective of childhood and early childhood Christian perspectives.


Key words: mathematical disposition, christian-based early childhood geometry education, geometry concept.

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